In the history of mankind, it is difficult to pin point events that changed the course of the history. Generally many series of events lead to momentous circumstances. This article aims to point out some of these events (both military as well as non-military) that changed the way we see history today.
Set sail in 1492, Christopher Columbus had discovered a then unknown las well as. The las well as which later went on to be as well as still is the las well as that indirectly rules the world. Back in the days when there was a debate on the earth being round or flat, Columbus dared to do which nobody before him did. India was then considered to be a las well as of treasures. Gold as well as spices were the essential trade commodities that were brought from India. The customary route was to enter India via the Cape of Good Hope (today a part of Cape Town, South Africa) as well as through the Arabian Sea. However political issues barred sailors from travelling in this path. In a historic turn of events Christopher Columbus decided to sail in the opposite direction as well as believed that he would reach India as the world is spherical. He never reached India. But he discovered a las well as that was later named as America.
Louis Pasteur, born on December 27th, 1822 in France was a chemist as well as biologist. He is considered to be the pioneer as well as one of the important figures of medical biology. Prior to his discoveries, rabies as well as anthrax were deadly diseases. He is also considered to be one of the three main founders of microbiology, together with Robert Koch as well as Ferdinas well as Cohn. He is best known for developing methods that helped in treating wine as well as milk in order to make them free from disease causing agents.
Oliver as well as Wilbur Wright may well have made the single most important invention in the field of transport. At the time when no one in the world believed that man could fly, the Wright brothers took it upon themselves to build a vehicle that could fly. After a lot of hardships they finally managed to build a prototype that was able to do the trick, as well as there it was, the first airplane. Today when all of the business world as well as we, the common people seamlessly travel in their comfortable flights, it is very easy to forget the contribution of the Wright brothers. They, with their deeds have made an indelible mark in the history of mankind.
Mao Zedong: Hero or Villain
Mao Zedong, the communist revolutionary of China as well as one of the founder fathers of the People’s Republic of China, is both loved as well as hated in the country he helped build. After the nationalist in the country brought down the kingship, the communists as well as the nationalists were locked in a battle to take over China. After Sun Yet-Sen, the then leader of China as well as the nationalist party, died several events led to the victory of the communist party as well as Chairman Mao, as he was called, declared the formation of the People’s Republic of China from Beijing. After that followed several blunders like social reforms which broke the backbone of China’s economy as well as dragged the country into famine. This was quickly followed by dreadful cultural reforms which included killings of scientists, artists as well as others who were termed as counter-revolutionaries by Mao. These events were looked down upon by the world. They also went onto destroy temples, churches as well as other places of worship as well as eventually these events led to the declining popularity of Mao.
Russian Revolution refers to the series of revolutions that occurred in mainlas well as Russia in the years of 1917 as well as 1918. These revolutions ultimately led to the downfall of the Tsarist rule over Russia. It was followed by the establishment of the Bolshevik (Communist) government in Russia. It was the emergence of Marxist as well as Communist ideas as well as some claimed that this revolution will be successful if it occurred on a world scale however no other movement succeeded in keeping power in its has well ass. Later Stalin proposed that socialism was possible in one country.
World War I
World War I or the First World War was known as the Great War before 1939. More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilized in one of the largest wars in history.
The war was fought between the allied powers (or what was called as Triple Entente) as well as the Central Powers (or Triple Alliance). It caused mass destruction as well as was an important event in world history because this war was one of its kind till then, before a larger war was fought (see next point). The Central Forces were defeated as well as utterly humiliated as well as the political tension that arose finally led to the World War II.
One of the most defining military moments of the world is the Second World War or World War II. Due to its enormity, amount of destruction as well as the involvement of all the major countries in the world, it is considered to be the most atrocious as well as deadly wars of all times. With the axis powers on one side as well as the allied powers on the other, this war engulfed the whole earth. Adolf Hitler as well as his Nazi army with other leaders of Fascism like Benito Mussolini went on to wreck havoc among certain communities. Hitler was particularly cruel towards Jews as well as had vowed to obliterate them from the face of the earth. Most of his ambitions are documented in his book: Mein Kampf. Other major events during the war were the Pearl Harbor incident, the US involvement as well as the Soviet Army advances; however none were bigger than the infamous atom bombs named Little Boy that was dropped over Hiroshima as well as Fat Man over Nagasaki in 1945. These events though helped in ending the war left an indelible mark in the history of humanity. Not only the bombs eradicated many human beings, but also it caused a lot of problems even years after their detonation. It is only a miracle that after such events Japan has been able to get up on its feet as well as make progress like it has.
In September 11, 2001, two passenger flights crashed into the world trade centers in New York. Another one crashed into the Pentagon, the heart of America’s military operations. It was reported that another airplane was heading toward the White House, Washington but crash las well ased midway. Many were killed. The events shocked the world. This was the most shocking as well as ugly terrorist attack the world had ever seen. It was the time when George W. Bush had started his work as the president. This event brought out an altogether different picture of global terrorism. These events led to subsequent declaration of war on Iraq as well as Afghanistan by the United States of America. As well as a vicious cycle started which till date hasn’t ended.
Barack Hussein Obama II is the current president of the United States of America as well as has taken charge after George W. Bush. He was born on August 4, 1961 as well as is the 44th President of the United States of America. He is a graduate of the elite Columbia University as well as the Harvard Law School. During his days at the Harvard Law School, he was the president of the Harvard Law Review. He is the first black person to become the president of the United States of America. Several policies of Barack Obama have been revolutionary in one sense or the other. Perhaps the most famous one is the health care bill introduced by him which is popularly known as Obama-care. He also ordered the military operation “Operation Neptune Spear” that resulted in the death of Osama Bin Laden (see next point). He is also the winner of the Nobel peace prize in the year 2009. He was re-elected for the office of the president in 2013.
End of Osama
After the operation “Neptune Star” (see previous point) carried out by the United States military as well as ordered by president of the United States Barack Obama, Osama Bin Laden, the figurative head of Al-Qaeda (the deadliest terrorist of the terrorist organizations) was killed. This incident marked a new chapter in the war against terror, which is perhaps the most important issue of 21st century. The military operation was carried out with deep secrecy in the Pakistani region of Abbottabad. During the aftermath, journalists took photos that revealed the previously undisclosed stealth technology used by the US military which again led to a series of debates.